Title: The Blazing World (1666): Utopie vědeckého společenství podle Margaret Cavendishové
Authors: Špeldová, Monika
Citation: Akta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni. 2015, č. 1, s. 71-92.
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: článek
URI: https://ff.zcu.cz/files/Acta-FF/2015/ACTA_FF_2015_1.pdf
ISSN: 1802-0364 (print)
2336-6346 (online)
Keywords: Margaret Cavendish;Královská společnost;Robert Hooke;experimentální filozofie;přírodní filozofie
Keywords in different language: Margaret Cavendish;Royal society;Robert Hooke;experimental philosophy;natural philosophy
Abstract in different language: The aim of the presented paper is an analysis of the book The Description of a NewWorld, Called the BlazingWorld (1666), which was written by Margaret Cavendish – the first English woman writer and philosopher to deal with natural philosophy. The Blazing World is a short utopian work in which Cavendish tried to express her thoughts on the research of nature in the second half of the seventeenth century. Cavendish focused above all on experimental, i.e. empirical science represented by Robert Hooke and other members of the Royal Society of London. In my analysis, I emphasize that Cavendish’s short utopian tract is primarily a mockery of the Royal Society and a parody of its activities. In the form of fictitious utopia, Cavendish above all criticised uselessness and meaninglessness of the scientific practices conducted by the honourable members of the Royal Society.
The article is focused on the solid-fuel boilers as a significant part of the market for home and water heating systems. In case of Czech households, the solid-fuel boilers represent approximately 20%of the overall home and water heating system types – in other words, every fifth household in Czech Republic is heated by a solid-fuel boiler. The market experienced significant change over the last decades, which is represented by considerable alteration in used fuel types, especially in terms of coal-based and biomass-based boilers. From the government point-of-view the market has been facing inappropriate and too slow organic growth among the sales of environmental-friendly products, thus the regulation described in the article as a serious game-changing impact had to be carried out. The impact had started in the beginning of the year 2014, when the users of solid-fuel boilers started to experience the actual end-user restrictions through banning some of the boilers from selling. The main part of the regulation, which is followed by subsidy program for replacing the soon-to-be banned boilers, is going to take place with the beginning of September 2022. By this time, approximately 350 000 boilers have to be replaced with the new, environmentaly friendly, ones and approximately 100 000 boilers with up to 85% contribution from subsidy program thereof. Although the regulation is in the advanced stage and so do the subsidy performance, here are still some serious issues and unsystematic mistakes to be solved out. The article opens up the most urgent issues, which request prompt resolution.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Číslo 1 (2015)
Číslo 1 (2015)

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