Title: Challenge to molecular archaeology—Sediments contaminated by allochthonous animal proteins
Authors: Pavelka, Jaroslav
Šmejda, Ladislav
Kučková, Štěpánka
Menšík, Petr
Citation: PAVELKA, J., ŠMEJDA, L., KUČKOVÁ, Š., MENŠÍK, P. Challenge to molecular archaeology—Sediments contaminated by allochthonous animal proteins. Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, 2020, roč. 43, č. 19-20, s. 863-874. ISSN 1082-6076.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Bellwether Publishing
Document type: článek
URI: 2-s2.0-85094622391
ISSN: 1082-6076
Keywords in different language: feces;immunochemical and chromatographic methods;organic residues and contamination;pottery;soil
Abstract in different language: In this work we proposed a novel methodological approach to detect and differentiate between cooked and uncooked animal meat protein in archaeological samples. We tested two groups of materials: ceramic dated to the early medieval period (9th–10th centuries CE) and soil samples collected from the same stratigraphic layer that yielded these pottery fragments. Using an ELISA immunological test designed to identify cooked pork, we found that pig proteins were present in the studied pottery specimens, but the surrounding soil contained only uncooked pig proteins. We interpret this observation in the sense that the ceramic vessels might be used for cooking pork meat in the historic times. Pig proteins identified in soil matrix are of different origin, however, and represent probably contamination from wild pigs’ manure, dropped in the area of the sampled archaeological site until the present day. This study suggests a new way of dealing with the complexities associated with research of biomolecules extracted from archaeological samples—particularly those related to the fact that typical study sites may contain a mixture of ancient raw and artificially processed proteins as well as original protein content plus secondarily introduced/contaminating proteins (and other types of biomolecules) of the same species.
Rights: Plný text není přístupný.
© Bellwether Publishing
Appears in Collections:Články / Articles (CBG)
Články / Articles (KSA)

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/42585

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

  1. DSpace at University of West Bohemia
  2. Publikační činnost / Publications
  3. OBD