Title: Human Occupation during the Late Pleniglacial at Lapa do Picareiro (Portugal)
Authors: Haws, Jonathan A.
Schmidt, Isabell
Benedetti, Michael M.
Cascalheira, Joao
Cascalheira, Joao M.
Bicho, Nuno
Bicho, Nuno F.
Weniger, Gerd-Christian
Carvalho, Milena C.
Zinsious, Brandon K.
Ellis, Maria G.
Friedl, Lukáš
Citation: HAWS, J.A., BENEDETTI, M.M., CASCALHEIRA, J.M., BICHO, N.F., CARVALHO, M.C., ZINSIOUS, B.K., ELLIS, M.G., FRIEDL, L. Human Occupation during the Late Pleniglacial at Lapa do Picareiro (Portugal). In: Schmidt, I., Cascalheira, J., Bicho, N. Human Adaptations to the Last Glacial Maximum. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2019. s. 188-213. ISBN 978-1-5275-3848-1.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Document type: konferenční příspěvek
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/36117
ISBN: 978-1-5275-3848-1
Keywords in different language: Solutrean;Chronology;Cultural change;Paleoenvironment
Abstract in different language: During Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2, abrupt climate changes created highly variable paleoenvironments inhabited by human populations across the Iberian Peninsula. Pollen and sedimentary analyses from deep-sea cores off Portugal provide records of regional-scale paleoenvironmental responses to the climate shifts that punctuated this period. Archaeological assemblages offer a regional and local-scale understanding of human- environment interactions during this period. One site in particular, Lapa do Picareiro, has yielded a continuous, stratified sedimentary sequence that provides a diachronic record for MIS 2 human occupation and environmental change. Here, we present archaeological data from the Late Gravettian through Solutrean occupations (Levels U-O) in order to show how local-scale, assemblage-level variability may or may not help our understanding of human-environment interactions and culture change during this period when we try to fit them into the traditional techno- typological framework. Lithic artifact assemblages record the technological changes associated with the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), including the Gravettian-Solutrean transition. Age control is provided by 23 radiocarbon dates from Levels U-O. The spatial distribution of artifacts, animal bones and charcoal concentrations shows a relatively high degree of assemblage integrity. The taphonomic study of the faunal remains informs on local paleoenvironments and human diet choice during the LGM. The combined results are used here to understand human responses to long-term environmental change in central Portugal.
Rights: Plný text není přístupný.
© Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Appears in Collections:Konferenční příspěvky / Conference papers (KSA)

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