Title: Colonial Perspective and Nationalism(s) in Ethiopia in the Context of African Decolonization
Authors: Záhořík, Jan
Citation: West Bohemian Historical Review. 2014, no. 1, p. 149-174.
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: článek
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/15532
ISSN: 1804-5480
Keywords: Afrika;Etiopie;kolonialismus;dekolonizace;marxismus;etnikum
Keywords in different language: Africa;Ethiopia;colonialism;decolonization;marxism;ethnicity
Abstract: Ethiopia has never been colonized except for a short period of Italian occupation in 1930s. It would seem that the absence of European colonialism contributed to a rather different development of nationalism due to many different historical factors and experiences. However, since 1950s, and more openly from the 1960s we can see the rise of nationalism in Ethiopia which used the same “colonial” perspectives as their other African counterparts. When civil war broke out in 1962 and Eritrea began to struggle for independence, it had a direct impact on other nationalist movements in Ethiopia itself, namely the Oromo nationalism. Moreover, in the era of decolonization, Marxism played a role of an inspirational revolutionary ideology in many corners of Africa. The same can be said about the Oromo nationalism, as it was the main bearer of Marxism which then resulted in series of uprising leading to the deposition of Haile Sellassie. Suddenly, demands on democratization, self-determination, equality, and human rights began to be articulated with the same intensity as, for instance, in Rwanda. Later on, demands on “decolonization”, i.e. dismantling of “traditional” Imperial régime formed a part of the “social revolution”. Haile Sellassie’s regime, once hailed as modernizing, began to be seen as backward and in many senses “colonizing” type of rule. It had also a direct impact on national identity and/or identities, because the nationalist movements redefined centuries long “map” of Ethiopia by giving accent to the diverse nature of Ethiopia’s population.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Číslo 1 (2014)
Články / Articles (KBS)
Číslo 1 (2014)

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