Title: Types of bank loans and their impact on economic development: a case study of the Czech republic
Authors: Černohorský, Jan
Citation: E+M. Ekonomie a Management = Economics and Management. 2017, č. 4, s. 34-48.
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Technická univerzita v Liberci
Document type: článek
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/26613
ISSN: 2336-5604 (Online)
1212-3609 (Print)
Keywords: banky;bankovní půjčky;ekonomický cyklus;Engle-Grangerova kauzalita
Keywords in different language: banks;bank loans;economic cycle;Engle-Granger causality
Abstract in different language: This article aims to evaluate the impact of the development of different types of loans in the banking sector on economic development. We will begin with the hypothesis that economic performance increases with the growth of the rate of various types of loans. We will fi rst look at research of current scientifi c knowledge in respect to bank loans and economic development. The basic idea of this article is the hypothesis described above, determined on the basis of standard economic fi ndings and based on the results of a majority of related studies. The development of loans provided can be quantifi ed based on data from the Czech National Bank as total loans and divided into loans to non-fi nancial companies and households, as well as mortgage loans and consumer loans. The development of the economy can also be quantifi ed using data from the Czech Statistical Offi ce on the development of the gross domestic product. The period selected is the years 2004-2015. To determine the relationships between selected variables, we have used statistical methods that respect the specifi c characteristics of the selected time series, namely the Engle-Granger causality test. Prior to testing, it was necessary to adjust the data as stationary and then test cointegration. An optimum order delay was also determined using the Akaike information criterion. The calculated results, except for consumer loans, confi rm the hypothesis regarding the positive impact of the rate of loans provided on economic growth, particularly with a six-month time lag. We have obtained results that correspond to standard economic knowledge and results of most previous studies.
Rights: © Technická univerzita v Liberci
CC BY-NC 4.0
Appears in Collections:Číslo 4 (2017)
Číslo 4 (2017)

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