Title: At the threshold of the fourth industrial revolution: who gets who loses
Authors: Kraftová, Ivana
Doudová, Iveta
Miláček, Radim
Citation: E+M. Ekonomie a Management = Economics and Management. 2018, roč. 21, č. 3, s. 23-39.
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Technická univerzita v Liberci
Document type: článek
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/31063
ISSN: 2336-5604 (Online)
1212-3609 (Print)
Keywords: čtvrtá průmyslová revoluce;lokalizace a centralizace průmyslu;výroba;informační a komunikační technologie;polohový vzorec;ICT zboží;relativní výhoda;výkon;konkurenceschopnost
Keywords in different language: fourth industrial revolution;localization and concentration of industry;manufacturing;information and communication technology;position pattern;ICT goods;comparative advantage;performance;competitiveness
Abstract in different language: At the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century, the Fourth Industrial Revolution based on the digitization of production processes, more precisely connecting the virtual world to the real world began. The aim of this article is to present the results of the research that focused on comparing the positions of the selected group of countries at the threshold of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in terms of their performance and competitiveness. The analysis is aimed at 13 countries – the six largest economies of the world and seven economies of the former Soviet bloc – from 1993 to 2015 using the localization quotient and index of regional concentration of the industry on the basis of gross added value, supplemented by the SHADE model, the Balassa index and evaluating the comparative advantage of countries in the area of ICT. The research defines the position pattern of countries for the manufacturing and ICT industries. It cannot be said that the differences in localization, resp. the concentration of the industries surveyed were determined by the size of the economy or its membership of traditional market economies. Exportability in ICT goods positively evaluates those economies that have managed to increase their positive Balassa index over time, resp. to get from its negative values to positive ones. The beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is an unrepeatable moment of human history, just as it was with the First, Second and Third Industrial Revolutions. The one who knows and is able to accept, use and multiply the supporting trends is the one who gains.
Rights: CC BY-NC 4.0
Appears in Collections:Číslo 3 (2018)
Číslo 3 (2018)

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