Disertační práce / Dissertations (KFI) Collection home page

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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 26
Špeldová, Monika
Margaret Cavendishová (1623-1673): kritička Royal Society

This dissertation analysed key aspects of the critical assessment of the new science practised by members of the Royal Society from 1660 to 1680. The research was based on the investigation of the scientific, social and political activities of Society's most important members. ...

Jiráková, Karolína
Aristotelova teorie poznání: zaměření na induktivní metodu a její reflexi současnými autory

The thesis deals with the question of how Aristotle gets to know the first principles and causes. The interpretation is influenced by the interpretation of Aristotle's method, which is connected with the understanding of substance as a compound of matter and form. The presented...

Zeman, Jan
Vybrané kapitoly z dějin matematiky konce 19. a začátkem 20. století: Hilbertovy Grundlagen der Geometrie v kontextu doby

This thesis presents the first Czech translation of David Hilbert's book Grundlagen der Geometrie (1899). In our succeeding text we first present the book from a historical perspective, and we introduce Hilbert's work together with the work of his colleagues, mainly at Göttingen...

Jirák, Petr
Nietzscheho kritika vědy

The work primarily deals with Nietzsche's relationship to science in various perspectives of his thinking. I present also the genealogical method as Nietzsche's own approach.

Dach, Stefanie
Ontologická priorita vědeckého - Wilfrid Sellars, vědecký realismus a pragmatismus

My thesis focuses on the work of the 20th century philosopher Wilfrid Sellars and the tensions between his scientific realist and his pragmatist commitments. The aim of my thesis is to offer a reading of Sellars's work that can reconcile these conflicting tendencies. In th...

Chalupská, Martina
Filosofická koncepce organicistního pojetí skutečnosti

The present dissertation thesis deals with A. N. Whitehead's philosophy of organism, also known as process philosophy, which approaches all being as a dynamic process of permanent becoming and the universe as a set of interconnected actual occasions. Whitehead's metaphysics of proces...

Bíba, Ondřej
Karl Popper a problém indukce

Can we justify the opinion that the future will be to a significant extent similar to the past? That is the tone in which David Hume defined the nowadays traditional version of the problem of induction in the 18th century England and the striving for justification of...

Chalupská, Martina
Filosofická koncepce organicistního pojetí skutečnosti

The goal of the present PhD thesis is to analyze and evaluate a system of the philosophy of organism introduced by Alfred North Whitehead in which a term substance is superseded by a term organic synthesis. In implementing this goal, contemporary scientific knowledge which inf...

Paitlová, Jitka
Transformace platónského pojetí sofrosyné

Disertation thesis deals in six chapters with intelectual development, methodological foundations and epistemological and science-philosophical problems of critical rationalism of German philosopher Hans Albert.

Nováková, Veronika
Filosofické reflexe Maxe Plancka v období přerodu klasické a moderní fyziky

The aim of this doctoral thesis is to present one of the most famous physicists of the modern age, Max Planck, primarily as a philosopher. A philosopher whose point of view was considerably influenced by classical physics and who was therefore forced, within the framework ...

Broulíková, Monika
Science centra: vznik, poslání, proměny zaměřené na science centrum Techmania

The title of this dissertation is "Science Centers: establishment, mission, changes - focused on Techmania Science Center". As the title itself suggests there are three main areas the paper deals with. The first part of the dissertation is theoretical...

Pavlas, Petr
Metafora "knihy přírody" a "čitelnosti světa" v dějinách vědy

In general, the goal of the thesis is to outline the occurrence and change of the "book of nature" imagery in the history of ideas, especially in the history of science. In particular, the history of this metaphor is related to the metaphorical conception of the...

Zajíčková, Dagmar
Dějiny pojmu "vědecký pokrok"

The main focus of the thesis is to present conceptions of scientific progress from sixteenth to eighteenth century. Renaissance scientists focused on the recovery of the antediluvian science, rather than invention of the new knowledge. The first conceptions of scientific progress are ty...

Makovský, Jan
Markýz de l'Hospital a Analýza nekonečně malých

The basis of my dissertation consists in three rather distinct parts, that is Czech translation, a commentary and introduction to the famous Analyse des infiniment petitis by marquis the l'Hospital. Nevertheless I unify the whole in virtue of the leibnizien metaphysical idea of ...

Havlík, Marek
Default mode network a endogenní aktivita mozku: Metodologickofilosofická analýza

The main goal of this work is philosophical and methodological analysis of DMN and related endogenous activity. This thesis also focuses extensively on the history and theory of neuroscience, because this discovery is considered to be a massive scientific revolution. The work is di...

Janský, Jan
O introspektivní reflexi poznání a bázi přírodních věd

The study is an attempt on reflection of basal aspects of human cognitive faculty with an emphasis on epistemological relations to natural and exact sciences. Thematised are above all those specific characteristics of thought activity, which can be found by its phenomenological analysis...

Benda, Libor
Racionální a sociální filosofie a sociologie ve sporu o povahu vědy

The aim of this work is to provide a philosophical and sociological analysis of the conflict between the rationalist philosophy of science and the strong programme in the sociology of knowledge, which occurred roughly in the last quarter of the 20th century. This analysis aims...

Ramadan, Ivan
Středověká arabsko-islámská medicína: dějiny interpretací

The dissertation entitled Medieval Arabic-Islamic Medicine: History of Interpretations is concerned with the history of historiography of medieval Arabic-Islamic medicine between 1890 and 2010. This time period has been divided into four parts, each of them spanning 30 years. The history of&...

Žáčková, Eva
Člověk a nové technologie

The thesis is focused on the new emerging and converging technologies and their philosophical reflection based on ideas coming from the new transformative humanities proposed by Mikhail Epstein and from the Czech philosopher Milan Machovec's philosophy of dialog.

Hanzelínová, Lada
Otto Neurath a komunikace v umělých jazykových znacích

The three basic aims of this work are to map the conceptual roots of the Isotype method, to describe the Isotype method as it was intended by its author, Otto Neurath, and to give an account of subsequent application of the method after Otto Neurath's death. Usin...

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 26