Title: Mayský šamanismus v teorii a v praxi: pojem šaman mezi bytím a nebytím
Authors: Kapusta, Jan
Citation: AntropoWebzin. 2011, č. 3, s. 149-154.
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: AntropoWeb
Document type: článek
URI: http://antropologie.zcu.cz/webzin/index.php/webzin/article/view/51
ISSN: 1801-8807
Keywords: šamanismus;Mayové;kulturní antropologie
Keywords in different language: shamanism;Mayans;cultural anthropology
Abstract: This article examines how the general theory of shamanism fits with the specific shamanic practice in contemporary Mayan culture. In this context of the relationship between the universal and the particular, the question of the nature of the phenomenon arises: is shamanism a useful anthropological category or a vacant, ambiguous notion to abandon? The essay begins with a look at the great – the Eliadean and neuropsychological – theories, suggesting that these approaches ontologize and reduce  reality. Then, exploring the way by which anthropologists have tried to describe and define the Maya shaman, it is argued that no dichotomization can capture the totality of the neuropsychological, social and cultural significance of this practitioner. Nevertheless, it is maintained that dichotomization can be a good analytic tool if it is used only as a tool for understanding and thinking. Identifying shamanism in Mesoamerica, it is concluded that the term may be used cross-culturally; however,  avoidance of ontologization is necassary because of the heterogeneity and multidimensionality of the phenomenon.
Rights: Autoři, kteří chtějí publikovat v tomto časopise, musí souhlasit s následujícími body: Autoři si ponechávají copyright a umožňují časopisu publikovat příspěvky pod Creative Commons Attribution licencí, která umožňuje ostatním sdílet tuto práci s tím, že přiznají jejího autora a první publikování v tomto časopisu. Autorům je dovoleno a doporučováno, aby po publikování svých příspěvků v tomto časopise zpřístupnili svou práci online (například na svých webových stránkách)
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) but only after the final publication.
Appears in Collections:Číslo 3 (2011)
Číslo 3 (2011)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Kapusta.pdfPlný text72,06 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/6713

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.